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A NOVEL APPROACH TO OPTIMIZE WATER AND FERTILIZERS IN AGRICULTURE USING IOT

Authors

D.Louisa Mary1, M.Ramakrishnan2
1St.Johns College,Tirunelveli,India,2Madurai Kamarajar University,India

Abstract

This paper presents a new method for supplying nutrients to the farm. This novel method uses IoT and Wireless Sensor Network in Farming. Soil Moisture sensor and humidity sensor monitor the soil properties. These results are updated to the IoT Server. Based on the values for humidity of the soil, drip irrigation to the plant is on/off through solenoid valve. In addition this paper concentrates on quantitative analysis of requirement of nutrients for the plant to avoid overdose or insufficiency of them. This work trains the machine using precision agriculture for supplying required nutrient to the plant using solenoid on/off valve through drip irrigation. It also alerts the user by sending SMS (Short Messaging Service) through GSM to the user on fertigation date and pesticides spraying date. This will be very helpful for the farmers to remember the fertigation date in their various activities. The limitation of this work is that the fertilizers used will only be liquid in state. This technology can also be improved to a large level agricultural production.

Keywords

IOT, WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK, SENSOR, DRIP IRRIGATION, FERTIGATION, LIQUID FERTILIZERS